pc蛋蛋幸运28预测

另外,被害人有打击报复被告的嫌疑,对本案后果的产生存在亦负有一定责任,本案应以故意伤害罪定性。

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我们想问一下,目前这项工作进展如何?有哪些成效?另外,现实意义是什么?谢谢。

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pc蛋蛋幸运28预测,公益中国爱心联盟领导机构名誉主席:布赫(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)铁木尔达瓦买提(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)曹志(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)孙孚凌(九届全国政协副主席)主席:郝盛琦(中共中央办公厅原副主任)顾问:张全景(中共中央组织部原部长)甘子玉(国家十一五规划专家委主任)朱良(中共中央对外联络部原部长)邹瑜(司法部原部长)胡富国(中共山西省委原书记)袁木(国务院研究室原主任)郑拓彬(对外经济贸易部原部长)李力安(黑龙江省委原书记)赵宗鼐(中共中央组织部原常务副部长)邵华泽(中国记协名誉主席)陈邦柱(原国内贸易部部长)陈耀邦(农业部原部长)曲格平(原国家环境保护局局长)万绍芬(中共中央统战部原常务副部长)于明涛(国家审计署原审计长)徐志坚(国务院参事室原主任)刘吉(国务院首批稽查特派员)周克玉(总后勤部原政委、上将)裴周玉(开国少将北京军区原副政委)张序三(海军原副司令员、中将)陈虹(民政部原副部长)解思忠(国务院国资委监事会原主席)李晋有(国家民委原副主任)杨培青(国家工商局原党组书记)高占祥(文化部原副部长)庄炎林(中华全国侨联原主席)龚心瀚(中共中央宣传部原副部长)谭云鹤(卫生部原副部长)张文范(民政部原副部长)杨海波(教育部原常务副部长)李滔(教育部原副部长)吕志先(文化部原副部长)张磐(国务院发展研究中心原主任)许林枫(农业部原副部长)姜习(原国家商业部部长)郭树言(国务院三峡办原主任)戴生龙(国家保密局原局长)刘广运(原国家林业部副部长)李赣骝(民革中央原副主席)陈洁(外经贸部原副部长)张绍贤(原电力部副部长)蒋毅(全国总工会原副主席)胡熙明(卫生部原副部长)程飞(外经贸原副部长)同向荣(广电部原副部长)谢高觉(中国通信企业协会会长)任景德(国家审计署原纪检组长)刘平源(原国家信息产业部副部长)郑道中(国家信访局原局长)杨贵(公安部原副部长)潘振宙(文化部原副部长)王文同(公安部原副部长)苏杰(铁道部原副部长)杨波(原轻工业部部长)胡平(商业部原部长)谢华(军事医学科学院副院长)宋树有(农业部原副部长)万海峰(将军、成都军区原政委)胡之光(公安部原副部长)顾金池(原辽宁省委书记)郭献瑞(原国家商业部副部长)徐才(原国家体委副主任)刘恕(中国科协原副主席)杨利民(交通部原纪检组组长)华楠(总政治部原副主任)姚雪森(将军、海军航空兵副司令)刘毅(原国家旅游局局长)贾光禄(中共中央直属机关工会原主席)曲琪玉(中共中央管理局原副局长)秘书长:吴仕鹏(中国网公益中国频道新闻总监、主编)  眼下正是春耕时节,山东省安丘市长生源生态农场种植户丁俊士兄弟两正在承包的200多亩蔬菜大棚里忙着。中国体育彩票网上购买TheannouncementbyBritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMayonApril18thatshewould,subjecttoaparliamentaryvote,becallinganearlygeneralelectiontobeheldonJune8,hasshockedthecountry'spoliticalestablishment,andpromptednewquestionsoverthecountry'sfutureoutsidetheEuropeanUnion.BrexitisMay'sofficialreasonforreversingherearlierpledgenottoholdanearlyelection.TheprimeministerhopestoincreasethenumberofConservativemembersofparliament(MPs),andthusclaimafreshmandatefortakingBritainoutoftheEU.AConservativewinwouldlikelysilencethenumerousvoicesinBritainwhocurrentlyarguethatwhiletheprimeministermayhaveamandatetotriggertheprocessofleavingtheEUthankstolastyear'sreferendumresult,shedoesnothaveamandatetotakethecountryoutofboththeEUandthebloc'ssinglemarket––theso-called"hardbrexit"."ThecountryiscomingtogetherbutWestminsterisnot,"sheclaimed,inadigatmembersofbothHousesofParliamentwhoremainopposedtobrexit.TheleadersofBritain'soppositionpoliticalpartiesquicklyhittheairwavestoclaimtheywerereadyforanelection.Buttheyarenot,andTheresaMayknowsit.Infact,themainoppositionparties––theLabourPartyandLiberalDemocrats––arewoefullyunpreparedtotakeontheConservatives.WhileBritishpoliticiansusuallyclaimtheypaynoattentiontoopinionpolls,it'shighlyunlikelytheprimeministerisnotmotivatedbyrecentpollswhichputherparty18to20pointsaheadofthestrugglingLabourParty.TheabysmalratingsofLabour'sleader,JeremyCorbyn,thedividedstateofhisparty,alongwiththeshrunkenLiberalDemocrats,havemadethetemptationtotryandcashinontheapparentopportunitytoomuchtoignore.Mayfaceslimitedanddisorganizedoppositionandsheintendstotakefulladvantage.Maywillgotothecountryseekingafreshmandatetodeliverbrexit,andherintentions––totakethecountryoutoftheEUandthesinglemarket––willbeclearandeasytopresenttovoters.ForpeoplewhovotedtoremainintheEU,theelectionpresentsanewopportunitytodebatethetermsofbrexitandopposethe"hardbrexit"theConservativePartyintendstodeliver.Yetvoterslookingtoblockbrexitwillstruggletofindaneffectivepartytosupport.UnlesslargenumbersofConservativeremainsupportersdeserttheprimeministeroverherbrexitpolicy,votersopposedtotheConservativeswillhavetounitebehindasinglepartytokeepMayoutofDowningStreet.Thisisunlikely.Atpresent,theLiberalDemocratsseemthebestplacedtoofferacoherentalternativetotheformofbrexitMayisoffering.Theyhaverecentlywonaby-electionandclaimtohavesignedupthousandsofnewmemberssincetheJune24referendumlastyear.Theirleader,TimFarron,iscommittedtokeepingBritaininthesinglemarket.YettheyaretaintedbytheirtimeworkingwiththeConservativePartyduringthe2010-2015coalitiongovernment,andcurrentlyholdjustnineparliamentaryseatscomparedtotheConservative's330.Yetit'stheLabourPartythatseemscertaintobethebigloserofthiselection.Indeed,thelukewarmcampaigningfortheremainsideduringthereferendumbythepartyleaderhasbeensingledoutasabigcontributoryfactortotheresult.Corbyn,whoispartyleaderthankstothesupportofpartymembersanditsaffiliatedtradeunions,but––crucially––nottheparty'sMPs,willalmostcertainlyfacetheendofhispoliticalcareeronJune9.AndwhilemanyLabourMPsmaybedelightedtoseeCorbyngone,thepartywilllikelybereducedtoashadowofitsformerself.TheoneunlikelybutvaguelyplausiblescenariothatmustsurelyconcerntheprimeministeristhatLabourandtheLiberalDemocratsbothdobetterthanexpectedresultinginahungparliament––nopartywinsenoughvotestoformagovernment.Outofthispoliticalmess,theremightbethepotentialforsomekindofpro-EUcoalitiontobecobbledtogether,perhapswiththeScottishNationalParty.However,TheresaMayissettofightanelectionagainsttheweakestoppositionsincethe1980s.Shewillalmostcertainlywin,althoughsheshouldtakenothingforgranted.Certaintiesarebeingturnedontheirheadallaroundtheworld,andpollingiscurrentlysufferingadistinctlackofcredibility.Butwhenvoterslookatthechoicesonoffer,theywillseeapartywithaclearvisionforapost-EUfuture,setagainstaLabourleaderwhocannotevencommandthesupportofhisownMPs,andanumberofsmallerpro-EUparties.Thisprimeministerislucky,andtheJuneelectionisherstolose.JamesSkinnerisacontributingeditoratChinaDailywithanMAinInternationalRelations.HehasaparticularinterestinBritishandAmericanpolitics,aswellasglobalsecurityissues.1、搜索结果页面说明A.搜索结果统计信息:这是有关搜索结果数量,以及搜索时间的统计;B.新闻标题:该新闻的标题;C.新闻出处:该新闻的原始发布网站及发布时间;D.搜索结果显示方式:按焦点排序:点击此链接后,搜索结果即与您搜索主题最相关且最近的新闻排在最前;按时间排序:点击此链接后,搜索结果即按时间倒序排列,最新的新闻排在最前;E.新闻图片:该图片为新闻正文中包含的图片;F.发表/查看相关留言:可在相关贴吧中发表或查看相关留言与其他网友进行交流;G.新闻摘要:该新闻的相关摘要,方便您阅读文章内容;H.更多搜索结果:查看更多新闻搜索结果(搜索结果仅仅显示前760篇);2、浏览页面说明A.新闻导航:百度新闻共有十三个大分类“国内、国际、财经、互联网、房产、汽车、体育、娱乐、游戏、教育、健康、科技、社会”,每个大分类下还有更多的子分类新闻,点击相关链接即可浏览各个分类中的新闻浏览界面,在各个新闻分类中,百度为您提供了该类别中最热门的新闻;B.个性化新闻:您可以根据自己的兴趣定制个性化的新闻内容,包括选择您所感兴趣的关键词相关新闻、您所关注的地区新闻;C.焦点新闻:从各类新闻中为您精选的当前最热门的新闻;D.更多小栏目:页面右侧还为您设置了不同类型不同内容的新闻,全面满足您的浏览需求;E.分类新闻:为您推荐的各种类别的最热门的新闻。

Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.TheworldwantsChinatovisit.Over450exhibitorsfromabout70countriesandregionsjoinedtherecentannualChinaOutboundTravelandTourismMarketexpoinBeijing.Chinaistheworld'slargestoutbound-tourismsource.Morethan122millionChinesetouristsheadedoverseaslastyear.ThishasenticeddestinationstopitchtoChineseandadoptsuchpoliciesaseasyvisas.SerbiabecamethefirstEuropeancountrytooffervisa-freeentrytoChineseinareciprocalagreementfromJan15.Chinesearrivalsthatmonthincreasedbyover100percentcomparedwiththepreviousJanuary.ThecountryparticipatedintherecentBeijingevent.2017网上可以买彩票了工业增加值的增速是一个不变价的增速,也就是扣掉了价格因素以后的实际增速。  据媒体报道,在向乐视“讨薪”的供应商中,涵盖了手机业务、汽车业务、VR业务等多领域。

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于兴宗白皮书分为“回顾”、“产业”、“用户”、“展望”四个篇章,系统总结了产业一年来的发展状况与成就,描绘了数字阅读用户的阅读习惯与行为画像,并对数字阅读产业的未来发展趋势进行了展望与分析。

年报解释称,预收账款增长是经销商预付的货款增加所致,经营现金流更是达到374.51亿元,同比增长114.79%。

刘紫斌2018-4-25 18:45:40

TheanticipatedC919,thelargehomegrownpassengerjet,passeditslastflyingreviewonTuesdaybeforeitsmaidenflight.Meanwhile,itcompletedthesecondhigh-speedtaxiingtest,whichwasconductedonlytwodaysafterthefirsthigh-speedtaxiingtest.Shanghai-basedState-ownedCommercialAircraftCorpofChinaLtd,theC919'smanufacturer,saidaftertheplanecompletesallthehigh-speedtaxiingtests,thecompanywillchooseadatetoconductitsfirstflight.B787ofBoeingCoandA350ofAirbusGroupSE,bothwide-bodyplanes,requiredabout10high-speedtaxiingtests.Twenty-fiveexpertswhocomefromChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofEngineering,theCivilAviationAdministrationofChinaandCOMAC,discussedandreviewedhowpreparationsweregoingwiththeC919.TheexpertevaluationpanelallbelievedthatC919wouldpassalltheflyingtests,conductingitsflightsoonafter.Thismeanstheplaneisjustonestepawayfromitsmaidenflight.WangYanan,editor-in-chiefofAerospaceKnowledgemagazine,saidhigh-speedtaxiingtestsareusuallyconductedatspeedsof230to260kmperhour,withthefrontlandinggearslightlyliftedtosimulatetakeoff."Itishardtoevaluatetheintervalsbetweeneachhigh-speedtaxiingtest.Itcouldbetwotothreedaysoroneweek.Itcouldbeveryfastifeverythingwentrightandnobigtechnicalfaultsoccurred,"Wangsaid.TheC919isacommercialaircraftformedium-haulflightswith168seatsandtwinenginejet.ThehomemadeplaneisexpectedtocompetewiththeupdatedAirbus320andthenew-generationB737,whichcurrentlydominatethemarket.

龙狼2018-4-25 18:45:40

自此,乐视汽车实现了对易到的控股。,Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.。公民如果法律意识淡薄,一不小心就可能构成犯罪。。

代欢2018-4-25 18:45:40

见女儿最后一面,是去年5月20日,在公安局法医鉴定中心的停尸间里。,2017-04-1711:51:11好的。。Viewedasaground-breakingexplorationtorevivethestrugglingmartialartsmoviegenre,the2014hitBrotherhoodofBladeswillseeasecondinstallmentscreenedthissummer.BrotherhoodofBladesII,somewhataprequelofthefirstmovie,unfoldsthebloodybutthrillingexperiencesofShenLian,alow-rankingwarriorinthe17th-centuryMingcourt'sImperialAssassins,aroyalsecretpoliceorganization.TaiwanactorChangChenrepriseshisroleofSheninthenewmovie,buttheothermajorcharactersareallnew,suchasrisingactressYangMistarringamysteriouspainter.LuYang,thedirectorofthefranchise,revealsthenewmovie'scostumesandweaponpropsarestillbasedontherealobjectsintheMingDynasty(1368-1644).HesaysthebladepropsusedbyactorsareinspiredbytheswordsforgedforthelegendarytroopsledbyMingcourtgeneralQiJiguang.Award-winningactorChangsaysthenewscriptisadeeperexplorationofhumanity,andwillrelivetheturbulenceofroyalconspiracies.ThemoviewillopenacrossChinaonAug11.Related:。

闫啸天2018-4-25 18:45:40

Following2015'sToPimpaButterfly,USrapperKendrickLamar'sfifthstudioalbum,Damn.,arrivedonFriday.Thealbumconsistsof14tracks.USsingerRihannacontributestothesongtitledLoyaltywhileUKbandU2appearsonXxx.InarecentinterviewwithTheNewYorkTimes,theGrammy-winningartistdescribesthealbumasareturntohisroots."Myfocusisultimatelygoingbacktomycommunityandtheothercommunitiesaroundtheworldwherethey'redoingthegroundwork.",这些地方要尽快降低门槛,放宽准入条件,扩大公租房保障范围。。Inthreemonths,PresidentXiJinpinghastraveledtoEuropetwice.FollowinghistriptoDavostoattendtheWorldEconomicForumandastatevisittoSwitzerlandinJanuary,XireachedFinlandonTuesdaybeforeflyingtotheUnitedStatesforhisfirstmeetingwithUSPresidentDonaldTrump.XihasusedhisoverseastripstodelivermessagesonhowChinaviewstheworldandtheglobaleconomyatatimewhenpopulismandprotectionismseemtobegatheringstrength.XiusedhisSwitzerlandvisit,andwillnowusehisFinlandtriptoexpressChina'sviewsthatallglobalplayers,includingtheEuropeanUnionandtheUS,shouldfulfilltheirdueresponsibilitiestobuildaprosperousandpeacefulworld,insteadoftellingChinawhatitsglobaldutiesare.Besides,SwitzerlandandFinlandcanalsohelpChinastrengthenitsdomesticprogramforinnovation.Lastyear,Chinaannouncedathree-stepplantoencourageandimproveinnovation.First,by2020,Chinaaimstoincreaseitsspendingonresearchanddevelopmentto2.5percentofGDPandensureitsknowledge-intensiveserviceindustryaccountsfor20percentoftheeconomy.Second,by2030,Chinaaimstoraisethebudgetforresearchanddevelopmentto2.8percentofthenationaleconomyandliftChinesebusinessestothemedium-andhigh-endglobalsupplychain,aswellasmakethecountryagloballeaderininnovation.Andthird,by2050,Chinaaimstobecomeaworldleaderinscienceandtechnology,withitseconomymainlydrivenbyinnovation.Bythattime,Chinaaimstomakeitsuniversitiesandresearchinstitutionsworldleaders,withscienceandresearchbecomingthebackboneofnationalstrategicresources.SuchinnovationgoalsgohandinhandwithChina'sothereconomicrestructuringeffortssuchaspovertyreduction,tacklingtheagingpopulationandimprovingpeople'slivelihoods.Thoughithasmaderapidprogressininnovationinrecentyears,thegapbetweenChinaanditscompetitorsremainswide.BasedontheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization'sannualreport,Chinaranked25thin2016,movingupninespotsfrom2012.InSwitzerlandandFinland,Chinahasperfecteconomicpartners;SwitzerlandoccupiedthetopspotintheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganizationrankings,withFinlandtakingthefifthslot.AndthetwocountriesarewillingtoshareknowledgeandtechnologywithChina.SuchopennessoffersgreatopportunitiesforSwitzerlandandFinland.Eventhoughthetwocountries'populationislessthan10millioneach,theycangetaccesstoChina'smarketofmorethan1.3billionconsumers.Andsinceinnovationhasbecomeanintegralpartofthenationalpolicy,evenSouthwestChina'sGuizhouprovince,arelativelypoorregion,hasmadeSwitzerlandanexampleofitseffortstoreducepoverty.GuizhouandSwitzerlandarebothmountainousandlandlockedareas,althoughtheireconomiesdifferradically.ButlearningfromSwitzerland,Chinaisinjectingresourcesinenvironmentalprotection,infrastructureconstruction,tourismandeducationtoremodelGuizhouintotheSwitzerlandoftheEast.ChinahasalottolearnfromFinland,too,especiallyintermsofinnovation,andscientificandtechnologicalresearch.TheauthorisdeputychiefofChinaDailyEuropeanBureau.fujing@chinadaily.com.cn。

封抱一2018-4-25 18:45:40

WASHINGTON—TheInternationalMonetaryFund(IMF)onTuesdayupgradeditsforecastforChina'seconomicgrowthin2017and2018,reflectingthestronger-than-expectedmomentumoftheChineseeconomyin2016.InitslatestWorldEconomicOutlook,theIMFexpectstheChineseeconomytogrow6.6percentin2017and6.2percentin2018,0.1percentagepointand0.2percentagepointhigherthanitsforecastinJanuary.Theupwardrevisionreflectsthestronger-than-expectedmomentumoftheChineseeconomyin2016andtheanticipationofcontinuedpolicysupport,saidtheIMF.WiththestrongoutlookfortheChineseeconomy,theglobalgrowthforecastfor2017wasalsoraised.TheIMFexpectstheglobaleconomytogrow3.5percentthisyear,up0.1percentagepointfromitsJanuaryprojection."ThisimprovementcomesprimarilyfromgoodeconomicnewsforEuropeandAsia,andwithinAsia,notablyforChinaandJapan,"IMFchiefeconomistMauriceObstfeldsaid.China'srebalancingprocesscontinues,asseeninadecliningcurrentaccountsurplusandanincreasingshareofservicesinitsgrossdomesticproduct(GDP),saidObstfeld.However,theIMFsuggestedChinatakemeasurestoaddressthegrowingvulnerabilitiesassociatedwiththerapidcreditexpansion.ItalsowarnedthatprotectionistmeasuresadoptedbyadvancedeconomiescouldleadtoabroadertighteningoffinancialconditionsinChina,possiblyexacerbatedbycapitaloutflowpressure,whichcouldhaveanadverseimpactontheChineseeconomy.,Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.。GiventhatChineseuniversitiesarenotknowntolinksportstotheircourses,theregulationsofTsinghuaandXi'anJiaotonguniversitiesseemoutofplace.Thisbecomesevenmoreobviouswhenoneconsidersthefactthatthetwoarecentury-oldandprestigiousuniversitieswhoseregulationsandcoursesdrawwidepublicattention.Butacloserlookatthetwouniversities'decisionsshowstheirdecisionsshouldnothavesparkedacontroversy.AnyoneacquaintedwithTsinghuaUniversity'scurriculumsknowsphysicaleducation,likeotherprofessionalcourses,includescompulsoryandselectivecourses,whichstudentshavetopasstobeeligibleforgraduation.Infact,suchregulationsarenormalinanyuniversityorcollegeinChina.Theuniversity'sregulationisreasonableforseveralreasons.First,theTsinghuaUniversitycampushasexcellentswimmingfacilitieswherestudentshaveaccesstobasicaswellashigh-qualityswimmingcourses,andthuscanpracticeorlearnswimming.Second,theuniversity'sregulationdoesnotrequireeverystudenttobeanaceswimmer;itonlyrequiresthestudentstoattainbasicswimmingskills.GiventhatmanyChinesechildrennowlearnswimmingataveryyoungage,itshouldnotbedifficultforthemtofulfilltheuniversity'srequirement.Besides,studentswhodon'tknowhowtoswim,especiallythosefromChina'sdrynorthernregions,canlearnswimmingundertheguidanceofcoachesbeforeorafterattendingtheiracademicclasses.Andstudentswhocannotlearnswimmingforvariousreasonscansignupforothersportsorphysicaleducationcourses.Third,swimmingisacardiovascularexercisethatbuildsmusclestrengthandendurance.AndsinceTsinghuaUniversityhasmodernswimmingfacilities,itisjustifiedinhelpingthestudentstopracticeswimmingandremainphysicallyfit.Xi'anJiaotongUniversity,justlikeTsinghuaUniversity'srequirementsforswimming,doesnotrequireeverystudenttobeahighlyskilledtaichipractitioner.Instead,itonlyrequiresstudentstoknowsomebasictaichiexercisesandkeeppracticingthem.OnereasonthedecisionsofTsinghuaandXi'anJiaotonguniversitieshavecausedacontroversyisthatphysicaleducationhaslongbeenamarginalizedfieldinChina.Eventhoughphysicaleducationisacompulsorycourseinmanyuniversities,authoritiesusuallydon'tattachmuchimportancetoit.That'swhyphysicaleducationteachers,moreoftenthannot,cannotsetstrictteachingrequirements.Thismarginalizationofphysicaleducationhasledtoadeclineinstudents'physicalhealthandtheirreluctancetoplaysport.Inthiscontext,theregulationsofTsinghuaandXi'anJiaotonguniversitieswillhelpstudentstomaintainphysicalfitnesstoacertaindegree.Universitiesshouldbeopentosocialsupervision,buttheyshouldhavetheautonomytomanagetheiraffairs,passregulationsandsettheircurriculumsfreeofoutsideinterventions.TheauthorisaprofessorwithCollegeofLiberalArts,JournalismandCommunication,OceanUniversityofChina.ThisarticlefirstappearedinBeijingNews.。

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